"Thirteen Five" water security "exam" China faces eight "water problem"

China is one of the poorest countries in the world with the per capita water resources, and the per capita water resources is only 1/4 of the world level. In the last five years of the spurt of building a well-off society in an all-round way, can the water resources support the sustained and stable economic development during the "thirth Five-Year Plan" period? Can it meet the requirements of rapid development of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization? Can the people Improve the pursuit of quality of life?

Into the countdown of the well-off target, people feel the urgency of water control. China in the "second Five-Year" period achieved by the achievements of water control, people are full of confidence. If the "13th Five-Year" period, China's agricultural irrigation water use efficiency coefficient from the current 0.5 to 0.6 to developed countries, the level of 0.7, a year can save 991 billion cubic meters of water resources, the equivalent of South-North Water Transfer Project 2 times.

However, the "thirteen five" period, China still has a serious "water problem". In general, the future of China's "water problem" roughly eight:

Water environment worrying: the city level above the centralized water, non-compliance of water supply accounted for 3.8% of the total water supply, the rural population is still about 100 million drinking water security is not guaranteed.

From the surface pollution to the underground pollution, from the spread of urban pollution to rural areas, the trend from land to marine pollution has not yet been curbed. In recent years, the water pollution has spread to the whole country is still serious.

Groundwater pollution: from point to strip to the surface diffusion, from shallow to deep penetration, from the city to the surrounding spread.

Structural water shortage: more than 600 cities in China, more than 400 cities in water shortage, more than 130 cities in serious water shortages.

Water waste is serious: only the loss of pipeline that led to the annual loss of tap water more than 70 billion cubic meters, equivalent to a year missing a Taihu Lake, enough to 100 million urban population.

Reconstruction of light pipe: sewage treatment plant records of violations is on the rise.

Innovative landing difficult: in the source control emission reduction, ecological restoration, comprehensive management and other technical aspects of progress, but the promotion and application of ineffective.

The mechanism is still not smooth: the environmental system, policies and mechanisms there are many urgent breakthrough and improve the link.

On the surface observation, the above problem reflects the rapid deterioration of China's water environment, from the deep analysis, it reflects the history of China's economic development and environmental protection imbalance. Although in the eighties and nineties of last century, the beginning of the economic take-off, China is to avoid the West, "the first pollution after the governance" of the old, but unfortunately, we did not get rid of this final pattern. China has paid a heavy environmental cost for development.

It is also unprecedented water realities and other environmental problems, led to the 2015 is called "the history of the most stringent" new environmental protection law of the formal implementation. Much people expect the "water 10" has begun to implement, which for the future provides a strong legal protection of water.

However, due to the existence of inter-basin, cross-regional, cross-sectoral and other complex reality, the history of large debts, new problems, to completely rationalize environmental governance mechanisms, the formation of pollution control to achieve the ultimate reversal of the water environment must be A long process.

As the experts pointed out, water pollution control should not only point source and non-point source control, but also co-ordinate the surface and underground, land and water, watersheds and waters, the system to consider drinking water, groundwater, to focus on the core basin Water, coastal waters, urban water bodies, wetlands and other water bodies, to co-ordinate water quality, water and water ecology, during which sort of coordination of various relationships will be a great effort.

Original title: "Thirteen Five" China is facing eight "water problem"

This article is taken from the North Star Energy Conservation Network